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Extreme sports do not normally involve teams and there are very few rules. People who take part use their skills and experience to control the risks.That control is what makes them sports and not just dangerous behaviour.

Extreme sports are about:

  • Skill
  • Danger
  • Adrenaline


List of extreme sports:

This following list of extreme sports to be done mid air, or are air sports.

Bungee Jumping
This is one of the most popular extreme sports the world over. Bungee jumping is an activity which involves jumping from a tall structure, wherein the person is tied to a large elastic chord. A crane, a building or a bridge can be that structure. What happens is when the person jumps, the cord which is tied stretches and the jumper flies upwards again and the cord snaps back. This leads the jumper to oscillate up and down till the energy is dissipated.

Base Jumping
It refers to jumping with a parachute from stationary objects. Written as BASE sometimes, it is a short form of B-buildings, A-antennas, S-spans (bridge) and E-earth - alluding to cliffs.

Ski Jumping
This is a sport where the skiers travel down an in run using a take of ramp (the jump) in an attempt to fly as far as possible. It is predominantly a winter sport.

Sky Diving
Sky diving , as the words suggests, refers to jumping from a plane and then performing breathtaking acrobatics in mid air or free fall, before the parachute is popped open. Again, this falls into the category of most widely known extreme sports.

An aircraft which is not powered, called glider is used for this activity by pilots. These gliders use rising air for gaining altitude. A variations of this is hang gliding and paragliding, where the basic technique which leads to the flight is the same.

Following are the extreme sports which are water oriented.

Scuba Diving
Scuba was originally an acronym for self contained underwater breathing apparatus. Scuba diving is a form of underwater diving where a scuba set is used by the diver for commercial, industrial or even for recreational purpose.

Deep-water soloing
Deep water soloing or DWS is solo rock climbing that relies upon water to be at the base of a climb to protect against harm. The height of the route is key and most routes are less than 40 feet.

Swim fins and a diving mask is used to do snorkeling. Again, this is a very well-known activity where the diver goes underwater to observe marine life.

Wake Boarding
Riding a wake board on the water is called wake boarding. The rider is towed behind a motorboat, having a speed between 18 and 25 miles per hour. It is a mix of water skiing, surfing techniques and snowboarding.

One of the most popular water sports, surfing is one of the prominent members of the list of water sports. Person surfs or moves along the face of a breaking ocean wave. It is sort of skateboarding on waves.

Wind Surfing
Windsurfing or sailboarding is a surface water sport that combines elements of surfing and sailing. It consists of a board usually 2 to 3 metres long, displacing about 60 to 250 liters, powered by wind on a sail.

Barefoot water Skiing
It is a nothing but water skiing, but the only difference is that the person behind the motor boat does not have skis. The person is barefooted here, which makes it necessary for the skier to travel faster than the speed involved in regular water skiing.

The last and final category in the list of extreme sports is the land sports.

Mountain Biking
A very common amongst extreme sports, mountain biking means riding cycles off the road, with the help of specially adapted mountain bikes. It mostly has cyclists riding mostly on rough terrain.

It is a major sport when it comes to extreme sports. Skateboarding is a sport where the skateboarder performs tricks with the help of a skateboard.

Extreme ironing
An extreme sport and a performance art in which people take an ironing board to a remote location and iron items of clothing. According to the official website, extreme ironing is "the latest danger sport that combines the thrills of an extreme outdoor activity with the satisfaction of a well-pressed shirt."

Extreme Motocross
It is done using a motorcycle or an all terrain vehicle, on enclosed off road circuits. It is a form of racing, primarily. The word motocross is derived from French.

Sidecar Racing
Sidecars are the wildest form of Speedway racing. These bikes have 3 wheels, 2 riders, and no brakes. The two-person team works in unison to get the bike around the track as the fastest.

Speed Skiing
Skiing downhill in a straight axis as fast as one can is in short what is speed skiing. Interestingly, one of the fastest non-motorized sports on land is speed skiing. Read on snow skiing as well.

It is basically the art of running or moving along a route in an attempt to negotiate with the obstacles in the way. This has to be in the most efficient way possible, however, they should be as if the person is in an emergency. The objects and structures around you and your body is the only resource you have to move from a spot to another. It is a latest addition to the list of extreme sports and a great one at that!

Indoor Climbing
Indoor climbing is fast gaining reputation as an indoor cousin of rock climbing. However, the environment here is more controlled than original rock climbing.

This includes the use of horses for practical working purposes, transportation, recreational activities, artistic or cultural exercises, and competitive sport.

Zorbing (globe-riding, sphereing, orbing) is the recreation or sport of rolling downhill in an orb, generally made of transparent plastic. Zorbing is generally performed on a gentle slope, but can also be done on a level surface, permitting more rider control. In the absence of hills some operators have constructed inflatable, wooden or metal ramps.

Mixed martial arts
A full contact combat sport that allows the use of both striking and grappling techniques, both standing and on the ground, including boxing, wrestling, Brazilian jiu-jitsu, muay Thai, kickboxing, taekwondo, karate, judo and other styles.